The 10 Most Important Pros and Cons of Loyalty Programs

7 minute read

What is a loyalty program?

The simplest definition of loyalty programs is turning customers into brand loyalists requires a repeatable process that incentivizes them to keep buying from you. Loyalty membership is essentially the process of rewarding customers through structured marketing strategies for their frequent or continued engagement with your brand.

The more they spend, the more rewards they receive. If you put customer preferences at the heart of your marketing efforts and execute a program well, customers feel good about purchasing from you and that’ll give your business a competitive edge.

Why are loyalty programs important?

Loyalty programs came into existence when companies realized that the competitive advantage they once experienced due to product differentiation no longer was enough to retain customers due to a proliferation of similar looking and ‘me too’ products.

In such an environment, having loyal customers became more important and more difficult. So much so that Frederick Reichheld from Bain & Company began referring to customer loyalty as a rare commodity.

But it’s important to examine the pros and cons of ecommerce loyalty platforms in order to ensure you choose what’s right for your company and audience. Let’s take a look.

Benefits of loyalty Ppograms

1. Customer retention

One of the primary reasons brands launch a loyalty program is to retain customers by rewarding them for their repeat purchase behavior. Customer loyalty programs are a tool to retain customers by giving them a valued reason to buy again from the company and establishing habits.

There are many studies that have explained the relationship between loyalty programs and retention rates. One European study found that customers’ relationship perception of a Dutch financial services company’s loyalty program explained about 10% of the total variation in customer retention and customer share.

Annex Cloud’s own customer loyalty statistics—taken from our clients—have shown that a well-implemented loyalty program can achieve the following:

  • Online rewards programs increase overall revenue by 5-10%
  • Loyalty members spend 5-20% than non-members on average
  • Loyalty program members buy 5-20% more frequently than non-members

The direct impact that customer retention strategies have on the bottom line of business is a well-established fact. A business with a 60% customer retention rate is losing 3-4 times as many customers as a business with 80% retention rates.

Advantages of customer retention

As a business owner in today’s fiercely competitive marketplace, you’re hyper-focused on growth. A small change in retention can lead to big results. In fact, Bain & Company reports that increasing customer retention by just 5% boosts profits by up to 75%. Here are just some of the benefits of improving customer retention:

  • Retention is more cost-effective than acquisition. Harvard Business Review reports it costs five times as much to bring in new customers compared to selling to existing ones.
  • Repeat customers deliver better returns. Loyal customers buy 90% more frequently, spend 60% more per transaction and deliver 23 % more revenue and profitability than first-time purchasers. Retention is a great way to grow and increase profits.
  • It’s a known fact that people are strongly influenced by referrals from family and friends. 86% of loyal customers will recommend a brand to others. And referred customers have a 16% higher customer lifetime value (CLV) and 37% higher retention rate.
  • Customer retention also helps businesses improve CLV and reduce churn.

Disadvantages of customer retention

  • Investing in customer retention may mean cutting back on other strategies and initiatives but the payback is worth it
  • Businesses trying to achieve an efficient customer retention rate may not focus on the needs of new customers. There may be chances of new customers being overlooked by brands in a hoard to satisfy their existing customers.
  • If you choose the wrong loyalty partner, you may end up investing heavily in the partnership and loyalty card processing costs but not reap the benefits.

2. Relevant customer data and consumer trends

Consumer data gets recorded in the company’s database as soon as a shopper registers for a loyalty program. Companies can use this data for omnichannel, offline, and e-commerce segmentation, profiling their best customers and tailoring their offerings to specific groups of consumers.

As loyalty program data gives the company a complete view of customer behavior, buying habits, and preferences, the company can use this information to invigorate its inventory management, pricing, and promotional planning.

This data also enables marketers to measure the results of special promotions based on additional purchases, use of additional channels, or decreased time between purchases.

The reaction of Tesco’s chairman speaks volumes about how efficient loyalty programs are in extracting valuable information from a customer.

He has said, “What scares me about this [loyalty program], is that you know more about my customers in three months than I know in 30 years!”

3. Higher cart value

As explained in the above point, a company can use collected data to cross-sell and up-sell. It can offer extended warranties after an item is purchased, suggest accessories that go well with the purchased item, and provide discounts on related purchases.

Moreover, the loyalty program can also bring relief by increasing demand in slow seasons. Its best example is an airline mileage program that is available only on selected flights. Due to less wastage, such targeted promotions are prone to yield more satisfactory results.

4. Reducing unprofitable customers

One of the less frequently considered items on this list of the pros and cons of loyalty cards and programs is that they let companies shed unnecessary weight. A well-designed loyalty program allows companies to segment customers and discover profitable and unprofitable customers.

It helps them in dropping off the customers who only buy the discounted lines and avoid premium range almost on a regular basis. These customer profiles can cost more money than they generate.

Through a loyalty program, companies can reward better customers only and thereby minimize the payout to not-so-profitable customers. Without an iota of doubt, this is the most efficient way to retain the customers from whom the company generates the most profit.

5. Better customer communication

A loyalty program offers a direct line to customers, making communication much easier. Aside from announcing new products/services, promoting sales, and the like, a useful item on this list of the pros and cons of loyalty programs is that they facilitate recalls when necessary.

This is possible due to the purchase date and barcode of the recalled items. The recall notice gains more weight and significance, as it is based on the consumer’s actual purchase of the affected good.

Compared to a store sign or newspaper notice, the chance that this email-borne recall notice will get read by the people is high.

Cons of loyalty programs

1. Difficult to gauge loyalty behavior

It’s very hard for the loyalty framework to break away from the transactional spirit. More than often, it appears that the one who is a frequent buyer is a loyal one.

But that may not be the case, as he may be buying from the company just because that’s convenient for him. Or, he may be buying just for the benefits that the loyalty program is giving him in the form of rewards.

Thus, loyalty, which in essence is an emotion, may not be gauged by the loyalty program.

However, this point on the list of pros and cons of loyalty programs can be addressed by merging your loyalty program with advocate marketing tactics. Reward customers for referring friends, writing reviews, and the like.

This will make it simpler to see who’s just a frequent buyer and who among your loyal customers is actually willing to vouch for you. This whitepaper will enable brands to understand the diverse types of loyals and approaches to engage and retain valuable loyals.

2. Balancing the bottom line

Out of all the pros and cons of loyalty programs, the financial component is the most stressful. Discounts, regardless of the form, are going to hurt the bottom line of a company.

A typical $50 sale transaction breaks down to $40 in costs and $10 in profit. A 5% loyalty discount—$5 off a $50 sale—results in a 50% decrease in profits.

The costs remain the same, but instead of earning $10 from the sale, profit is reduced to $5. What appears to be a small discount—in this case, 5%—can significantly impact profits.

The key to moving beyond this financial loss is to make sure that your loyalty program is fairly priced and effective. If the program really is increasing repeat purchases and average order value, then as long as your discounts are balanced you’ll have no problem recouping the losses.

For more information on the financial aspect of loyalty programs, check out our post on loyalty points liability management.

3. Market saturation

Just like the products, loyalty programs are everywhere and may appear identical. They all have similar membership provisions, purchase requirements, and benefits.

But in this ultra-competitive world, firms are unable to pull back from their loyalty program commitments due to the fear of lost sales.

With the average household participating in over nine reward programs, there is a need for businesses to create programs that are unique and distinguishable.

But it’s very hard to design a loyalty program that is based on a sustainable competitive advantage that cannot be copied. Advocate loyalty programs are a good way to stand out, though, as you can reward customers for unique actions that work for your audience.

4. Inconsistent profitability

Loyalty programs hope to bring more repurchases based on the historical behavior of customers. But with time, their incomes, needs, and lifestyles change. Naturally, their buying patterns also change.

Clearly, people prefer to opt out of the old form of the loyalty program. A Maritz poll indicated the same by finding that four out of ten loyalty program participants quit at least one program.

That’s the reason why some experts are justifiably critical of measures of loyalty like RFM (Recency, Frequency, and Monetary Value). RFM is a good measurement tool for customer loyalty, but it’s far from perfect.

5. Limitations of loyalty data

As loyalty data does not look at the purchases from other brands and stores, it provides a limited picture of consumers’ overall purchase behavior.

Customer panel data may also be more representative than the loyalty card member data. Furthermore, customers may feel offended if they are uncomfortable sharing sensitive information in order to get the incentives of the program.

However, it’s possible to address this point on the list of the pros and cons of loyalty programs by incentivizing customers to share their other purchase data by rewarding them for submitting third-party receipts to you.

Whether they do so by scanning physical receipts or by forwarding e-receipts, you can gather this information to reward them for their purchases of your goods while also processing the receipts for additional information. Learn more about this tactic here.

Remember that nobody is doubting the importance of loyal customers. The debate is about the loyalty program’s power in creating more loyal customers.

This is because not all loyalty programs are successful. Some of them have failed due to their undifferentiated appeal and some due to the wrong implementation. Some have also failed due to the wrong value proposition. Understanding the aforementioned pros and cons of loyalty programs will help in refraining from such mistakes.

For more information about how Annex Cloud can provide the benefits or overcome the cons of a loyalty program, get in touch with one of our experts or request a demo now.

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