Although there’s no single federal-level legislation for data privacy, data collection, processing, or transfer in the U.S., CCPA is a widely recognized compliance standard that safeguards customer privacy. Similar to the European Union’s GDPR, CCPA gives consumers control over their personal information. There are hundreds of laws at both the federal and state level designed to protect the data of U.S. citizens. The Federal Trade Commission Act protects U.S. citizens from unfair or deceptive practices and enforces federal privacy and data protection regulations.
CCPA, which went into effect June 2018, was the first major legislation that focused on consumer privacy rights and data protection. It’s one of the most stringent privacy laws of any state. The framework provides a set of regulatory standards for the collection and sale of personal data. CCPA gives consumers the power to either consent to data collection or not, as well as request deletion of information. It also introduced new obligations for businesses to disclose information about data collection and protections, and gives consumers the right to opt out of having their information sold.
Proposition 24, more commonly known as California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA), went into effect December 2020. CPRA is also referred to as CCPA 2.0, since it’s a significant upgrade. CPRA doesn’t completely replace CCPA, it amends existing CCPA provisions and adds new provisions to better safeguard the privacy of data subjects. CCPA and CPRA do not apply to non-profit organizations or government agencies.
CCPA regulations consist of eight articles. Listed below is a brief summary.