The Privacy Act of 1988 is the one principal law protecting users and their data when they go online. This law defines various stages like collection, storage, or data usage in the public and private sectors. It was amended first in 2014 and a third time in 2017 to strengthen the data privacy protection terms, given the emergence of social media networks and cybercrime. In April 2022, the Data Availability and Transparency Act 2022, which is part of the Privacy Act 1988, received a consequential amendment in Schedule 1-3. The Office of Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) and Attorney-General have complete rights to administer this law.
These laws apply to most of the private sector agencies in Australia. Additionally, government agencies operating on Australian grounds, with $3 million worth of annual turnover, must comply with these principles.
Schedule 1 lists 13 main principles apart from 9 parts covering all necessary data protection and processing cases and scenarios. These principles are commonly termed as Australian Privacy Principles (APPs).
The Privacy Act permits individuals to: